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Calumet College of St. Joseph
NAIA Play
Chicagoland Collegiate Athletic Conference
NAIA
City of Whiting
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Crimson Wave Athletics
Calumet College of St. Joseph
2400 New York Ave. Whiting, IN 46394
(219) 473-4276

Athletic Training - Concussion Information


What is a Concussion?


 A concussion is defined as:
  • A traumatic brain or mild brain injury that can cause alteration in brain function
  • Can lead to confusion, alteration in consciousness, memory and balance/coordination problems

Mechanism of a concussion:

  • Direct blow to head
  • Sudden impact to body i.e. body going at high speed to a sudden stop
  • Body check to body, or any collision, not necessarily involving direct blow
  • to head                                   
  • Running into outfield wall
  • Thrown to ground/mat

Common Signs/ Symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Blurred Vision
  • Loss of Memory (Retrograde/Anterograde amnesia)
  • Ringing of the ears
  • Difficulty Concentrating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of Balance
  • Weakness in hands and/or feet
  • Changes in personality
  • Slurred speech

Retrograde Amnesia- Patient or athlete has trouble remembering events before the injury
Anterograde Amnesia-Patient or athlete has trouble remembering events after the injury

Sever Signs and Symptoms

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures/convulsions
  • Paralysis

*These types of symptoms are a signal to call 911 immediately.

 

Issues that can occur after a concussion:

Post Concussion Syndrome:

Postconcussion syndrome is a complication that can occur when someone has suffered from a concussion. Some of the signs of this are decreased attention span, trouble concentrating, memory issues, and irritability for a long or short period of time. Sometimes exercise can lead to headaches, dizziness, and quick onset of fatigue. Some long term effects of postconcussion syndrome are decrease balance and decrease in cognitive performance. An athlete with these types of symptoms should not return to play. With postconcussion syndrome CT and neuropsychological test can show negative results even though the athlete is experiencing these symptoms.

Second Impact Syndrome:

Is a condition that can occur if an athlete returns to competition to soon after a concussion. This is when an athlete receives another blow to the head when they are still symptomatic from the initial concussion. This type of blow can result in immediate swelling of the brain and an increase in pressure in the head.  This situation evolves rapidly the athlete can go from a conscious to an unconscious state very quickly. They will need medical attention immediately. Even in the best case situations the mortality for this is still 50%.

Things to keep in mind:

Concussions are serious injuries that can be life threatening. If you are an athlete that is playing in a game or practice and you receive a direct blow to the face, head or neck area please notify the coach or athletic trainer if you feel any of the symptoms that are listed above. Sometimes the symptoms do not occur immediately and may take 24-48 hours to occur.

In order to provide the best care and treatment for our athletes we have each athlete baseline tested their freshman year on a computerized program known as ImPACT. If they sustain a concussion during their athletic career they will need to go through a return to play protocol and be re-tested each year on the computerized program until their athletic career is finished at Calumet College.  For more information on the computerized program you can go to www.impacttest.com .

 

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